Marla Groaning, RN IBCCP Program Coordinator Phone: (618) 634-2297 x147
Breast Cancer Awareness
You may be familiar with the statistic that says 1 in 8 women will develop invasive breast cancer. Many people misinterpret this to mean that, on any given day, they and the women they know have a 1-in-8 risk of developing the disease. That’s simply not true.
In reality, about 1 in 8 women in the United States — 12%, or about 12 out of every 100 — can expect to develop breast cancer over the course of an entire lifetime. In the U.S., an average lifetime is about 80 years. So, it’s more accurate to say that 1 in 8 women in the U.S. who reach the age of 80 can expect to develop breast cancer. In each decade of life, the risk of getting breast cancer is actually lower than 12% for most women.
Even though studies have found that women have a 12% lifetime risk of developing breast cancer, your individual risk may be higher or lower than that. Individual risk is affected by many different factors, such as family history, reproductive history, lifestyle, environment, and others. Screening:
A mammogram is a good test, but not a perfect one. Studies tell us that mammograms can help women ages 40 to 74 lower their chance of dying from breast cancer. The benefit of screening increases with age
Mammography is most effective for women ages 50 to 74. In this age group, women get the best balance of benefits to harms when they get a mammogram every two years. Women 75 years and older were not included in enough studies to give us a definitive answer about the benefits and harms of screening. We encourage older women to consider their own health status and talk with their doctors about the potential benefits and limitations of mammography.
Women ages 40 to 49 should consider whether screening is right for them. There are important benefits and harms, and women should make the decision that’s right for them based on their own values, preferences and health history. Women who have a mother or sister with breast cancer may benefit more than average-risk women by beginning screening in their 40s.
It’s important to note that these recommendations are intended for women age 40 and older who don’t show any signs of breast cancer. For example, they are not intended to guide a woman who has found a lump in her breast. Likewise, these recommendations aren’t meant for women who have a mutation in one of the “breast cancer genes,” BRCA1 and BRCA2. These women should talk to their doctors about screening recommendations.
For more information about breast cancer, how to find it early, and how to join the fight to end the disease, visit cancer.org/fightbreastcancer or contact the American Cancer Society at 1-800-227-2345 anytime, day or night.
Cervical Cancer Awareness
Cervical cancer begins in the cervix, the narrow organ at the bottom of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Cervical cancer starts when the cells that line the cervix begin to develop abnormal changes. Over time, these abnormal cells may become cancerous or they may return to normal. The majority of women do not develop cancer from abnormal cells. There are two main types of cervical cancer: squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinomas begin in the thin, flat cells that line the bottom of the cervix. This type of cervical cancer accounts for 80 to 90 percent of cervical cancers.
Adenocarcinomas develop in the glandular cells that line the upper portion of the cervix. These cancers make up 10 to 20 percent of cervical cancers.
Sometimes, both types of cells are involved in cervical cancer. Other types of cancer can develop in the cervix, but these are rare.
Breast and Cervical Cancer Program
This program provides women's annual exams; office visits; clinical breast exams, pap smears and mammograms to uninsured women age 35-64. Pelvic exams and pap smears starting at age 35, mammograms starting at age 40.
These services are provided by funding through the Illinois Department of Public Health's Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program, the Susan G. Komen Foundation, and Stand Against Cancer.
Presentations on breast and cervical cancer are available upon request to groups by calling: Marla Groaning, RN, IBCCP Coordinator at 618-634-2297 x147
S7HD's Health Education Division has a new Cancer Initiative to educate communities on the prevention of cancer and ...(read more)
37 Rustic Campus Dr. | Ullin, IL 62992 | 618.634.2297 | After-Hours Phone Number: 1-800-358-7367
Southern Seven Health Department is an Equal Opportunity Employer and Provider, complies with applicable federal civil rights laws, and does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, or sex.